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World-leading research facilities
Lund is home to the two largest research facilities in Sweden, reflecting the strength and attractiveness of research at Lund University. The MAX IV Laboratory opened in Lund in 2016 and the European Spallation Source (ESS) is currently being built and will open in 2023.

MAX IV laboratory at night time

MAX IV Laboratory

MAX IV Laboratory is a national electron accelerator laboratory for synchrotron radiation research which was inaugurated on 21 June 2016, in the presence of the Swedish King, His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf and?the Swedish Prime Minister, Stefan L?fven.?

The MAX IV facility is the largest and most ambitious Swedish investment in research infrastructure and the brightest source of x-rays worldwide. It will receive more than 2 000 scientists annually from Sweden and the rest of the world.

Research takes place in areas such as materials science, structural biology, chemistry and nanotechnology.

MAX IV Laboratory is located in Lund, Sweden, and hosted by Lund University. Funders include the Swedish Research Council, VINNOVA, Lund University, Region Sk?ne and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.

Conceptual design sketch for ESS by ESS/Team Henning Larsen Architects
Conceptual design of ESS image by ESS/Team Henning Larsen Architects

European Spallation Source

In an area of two square kilometres in north-west Lund, the European Spallation Source (ESS), a unique facility for materials research, is being built. The ESS will be a multidisciplinary scientific research centre harnessing the world’s most powerful neutron source. Researchers will be able to study the materials of everyday life, from plastics and proteins to medicines and molecules, in order to understand how they are built up and how they work.?

The facility can be likened to a giant microscope, where neutrons are fired at different types of material so that they can be analysed in detail. ESS will be responsible for future research breakthroughs in medicine, environmental science, climate, communication and transport.

Despite competition from British, Spanish, Hungarian and German rivals, Lund was given the honour of building the facility, which is being co-financed by a number of countries in the EU who will all benefit from it.?

Along with the recently inaugurated MAX IV facility, ESS will form a hub in the European research infrastructure. ESS is expected to deliver its first neutrons by the end of the decade with the user programme to follow in 2023.

European Spallation Source (ESS) website

LINXS (Lund Institute of Advanced Neutron and X-ray Science)

Swedish LINXS is an institute which promotes science and education focusing on the use of neutrons and x-rays in research and development.

The institute is dedicated to becoming the nucleus for national and international scientific activities in Science Village Scandinavia and a think-tank which initiates new ideas and research themes.

LINXS relies on a stream of highly motivated world-leading scientists who are invited for short-term focused topical research visits. The researchers share their knowledge and expertise with LINXS, which helps create a strong and innovative research environment.

LINXS goals are to:

  • Attract world leading scientists for short-term focused research visits
  • Invigorate the dialogue between academia and society in all aspects of neutron and x-rays large scale research facilities
  • Create international networks and enhance the visibility of Sweden internationally in this area of neutrons and x-rays

Visit the LINXS website

Read more about Science Village Scandinavia


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Key numbers

MAX IV Laboratory

  • Cost: Approximately SEK 6 billion
  • Ground broken: 22 November 2010
  • Inaugurated: 21 June 2016
  • Currently around 270 people work at MAX IV Laboratory


  • Cost: approximately EUR 1.84 million
  • Construction start: 2014
  • Completion: approximately 2023
  • Number of employees when fully operational: around 450
  • Estimated number of researcher visits: 3 000/year
  • Expected duration of operation: 40 years
  • Annual operational cost: EUR 140 million
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